Jute, the 'Golden Fiber' as it is called, is a plant that yields a
fiber used for sacking and cordage. Known as the raw material for
sacks the world over, jute is truly one of the most versatile fibers
gifted to man by nature that finds various uses in the form of
Handicrafts. Next to cotton, jute is the cheapest and most important
of all textile fibers.
Jute is the cheapest lignocellulosic, long vegetable bast fibre
available annually in the world. Jute cultivation provides work for
millions of farmers, landless laborers, industrial workers and
provides jobs for many others, indirectly.
The Versatile Option
Rapid expansion of jute into a wide range of life style consumer
products has been made possible due to the versatility of Jute.
Spinning of high quality yarns and weaving of light-weight
fine-textured fabrics of uniform structure in exotic colors and
designs are made in both jute factories and hand loom sectors. With
vastly improved bleaching, dyeing and finishing processes and by
blending jute with other natural or synthetic fibers, the finished
jute products now ensure feel, luster, abrasion resistance and
The traditional excellence of Indian craftsmen & artisans is
reflected in a wide range of jute handicrafts of utility, decoration
and novelty. A beautiful mosaic of Jute handicrafts that comprises
of carpets & floor coverings, wall coverings & window
dressings, table mats & table-wares, swings, hammocks, office
bags, table covers, table mats, pen and pencil stand, wall hangings
& room decor, bedspreads & bedroom slippers, blankets &
shawls, skirts & jackets, shopping & travel bags and a host
of other home textile made ups.
The jute handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh are a unique blend of
aesthetic sense and utility. Craftsmen at Hasta Shilp Vikas Nigam
have experimented with the fiber. Every artifact emanates a unique
charm exclusive to it and the goods so produced are marketed through
the MP state emporium, "Mriganayani". Bhopal, Raipur,
Indore and Gwalior are major centers for producing jute handicrafts.
Today, jute can be defined as an eco-friendly natural fiber with
versatile application prospects ranging from low value geo-textiles
to high value carpet, apparel, composites, decoratives, upholstery
furnishings, fancy non-wovens for new products, decorative color
boards etc. Jute with its unique versatility, rightfully deserves to
be branded as the "fiber for the future".
In coming decades, a number of jute mills and mini-jute plants will
be seen engaged in a big way in production of jute and jute blended
yarns, specially of finer accounts, through various routes of yarn
manufacturing. The uses of jute are manifold although the
traditional use remains in packing as sacking, hessian and carpet
backing. These light weight yarns are to be used in value added
textile applications like upholstery, furnishing, garments and bags
etc are just a few examples.